I chairman's foreword today's global security environment is the most unpredictable i have seen in 40 years of service since the last national military strategy was published in 2011, global disorder has. The effects of climate change have launched the arctic circle to the forefront of geopolitical calculations, potentially transforming the region into a commercial hub fraught both with environmental concerns and complex challenges that have direct implications for us national security. Mission the mission of the department of defense is to provide a lethal joint force to defend the security of our country and sustain american influence abroad.
All of the arctic littoral states have formulated arctic strategies that prioritize sovereignty and national security in their respective territories russian, canadian, american, and norwegian armed forces, naval vessels, and military aircraft have all made appearances in the arctic in recent years. Also, the artic provides russia a strategic gateway to both the atlantic and pacific oceans, zysk said, which is important given that russia's naval forces are separated between four theaters of operations - the pacific, the arctic-atlantic, the baltic and the black sea. The defense department, in support of the national strategy for the arctic region, works closely with other federal agencies and the united states' arctic partners to ensure they are ready to provide that support, if needed in the event of a crisis.
The national security strategy (nss) is a document prepared periodically by the executive branch of the government of the united states for congress which outlines the major national security concerns of the united states and how the administration plans to deal with them. In light of these changes, the trump administration's national security strategy strongly asserts american leadership in the face of great-power competition without a bold set of policies and. How china is positioning itself to wield influence in the arctic and antarctic while chinese moves to gain influence and counter american the us navy, or the department of defense. The roadmap ultimately shows the navy having a keen understanding of the capacities it must develop to be a truly arctic-capable force, but also evinces an organization weary of any real commitment to a region currently possessing little national security importance. These changes, part of a broader set of national defense reforms be- ing pursued under the leadership of president xi jinping, represent the most ambitious, wide- reaching, and important restructuring of the pla since 1949.
Three defense officials with knowledge of the deliberations said the move would be a response to russian activities in the region and aligns with the new national defense strategy that calls on. Workshop focus a workshop, implications of a changing arctic on the water resources and agriculture in the central us, was held at the university of nebraska-lincoln, november 10-12, 2015. America in the arctic june 4, 2015 in april, the united states assumed the two-year chairmanship of the arctic council - an intergovernmental forum of eight arctic countries and six indigenous organizations -- at a moment of great change and challenge for the arctic. Aor us africa command leads the in-theater dod response to support other usg agencies in implementing usg security policies and strategies in concert with other us government agencies and other international partners, us. In preparing this study the board has been aware of the us department of defense effort to update its 2013 arctic strategy, as required by section 1068 of the national defense authorization act for fiscal year 2016.
A second area of divergence will be the emerging importance of the arctic while russia is actively building its military capability for the arctic region, the us published a strategy in 2013 highlighting the importance of the region and the need to work with its key arctic allies such as canada and norway. The arctic ocean is at once a peculiar and a familiar type of theater it's peculiar because it will presumably become a shapeshifter as polar ice advances and retreats with the change of seasons. Increasingly, us officials have come to see that the opening arctic is becoming more and more important — strategic, even, as they often say in washington.
But this year's national defense strategy, which identifies great power competition as the central challenge to us prosperity and security, leaves no room for doubt as to the strategic direction the united states wishes to pursue in its security outlook. While the value of overarching strategy documents is often derided, the national defense strategy serves three important functions: first, setting out the vision and priorities of elected. The american defense budget is also in decline and the us considers asia to be its most important future theater repeatedly over the years, washington warned that nato must avoid becoming irrelevant if the us is going to continue its commitment on the same level [35. While we focused on the indo-pacific theater specifically this year, the work did identify a single universal animating idea for the future course of us defense strategy and risk calculation.
In 1984, the united states congress passed the arctic and policy act of 1984 to provide for the national defense of the region, enhance commercial fishing endeavors, and fund environmental and climate research in the region. By contrast, the recent us national defense strategy summary didn't refer at all to the arctic, and the national security strategy mentioned it just once in passing neither raised global warming as an issue. A strong and free europe, bound by shared principles of democracy, national sovereignty and a commitment to mutual defense is vital to american national security, the general said, adding that.