Participant observation studies and discussed the use of the technique early on, including beatrice webb (1926) in the 1880s and the chicago school of urban sociolo - gists in the 1920s (park, burgess, & mckenzie, 1925. Some sociologists conduct scientific research through a positivist framework utilizing a hypothetico-deductive formulation of the research question other sociologists conduct scientific research by employing an interpretive framework that is often inductive in nature. Some men raped spontaneously, while others planned their rapes some raped as a form of revenge,to get even with someone, although not necessarily their victim for some, rape was even a form of recreation, and they raped with friends on weekends.
Participant observation is one type of data collection method typically used in qualitative research it is a widely used methodology in many disciplines, particularly cultural anthropology , european ethnology , sociology , communication studies , human geography and social psychology. • examine the reasons why most sociologists prefer to carry out primary research • examine the problems sociologists face when trying to use experiments in their research • examine the reasons why some sociologists find covert and overt participant observation to. (c) suggest two reasons, apart from those in item a, 'why some sociologists find official statistics useful' in their research (4 marks) (d) examine the problems that sociologists may encounter when using postal questionnaires in their research. Examine the reasons why some sociologists choose not to use overt observation when conducting research this problem as you might expect, ethnographic research is, in general, a very time-consuming process - for a researcher to become fully-involved with a group.
Examine the problems sociologists may find when using participant observation in their researchall sociological research methods involve observation, however, according to hughes participant observations is defined by when the researcher themselves participates in the activities of those he or she is observing and studying. Sociologists examine the world, see a problem or interesting pattern, and set out to study it they use research methods to design a study—perhaps a detailed, systematic, scientific method for conducting research and obtaining data, or perhaps an ethnographic study utilizing an interpretive framework.
7 june 2007- examine the reasons why some sociologists use secondary data in their research january 2007- examine the factors that influence a sociologist's choice of research method june 2006- examine the problems that some sociologists may find when using participant observation in their research. Examine the ways that practical, ethical and theoretical factors may influence a sociologists' choice of research method examine the reasons why some sociologists choose to use experiments when conducting research experiments when conducting research secondary sources of information come in many forms. Examine the reasons why some sociologists choose not to use overt observation when conducting research a sociologist, when using an observation will have to consider what type of observation to use a participant observation involves the observer interacting with the group they are observing whereas or may even observe them over ctv cameras or.
Assess the strengths of participant observation in social research (16) the main strength of using participant observation is that it usually yields extremely valid data compared to most, if not all, other research methods. Joining a group raises many questions about the researcher's role the researcher may adopt an overt role, declaring his or her true identity and the fact he or she is doing research. Sociologists, they note, typically use document analysis to check their results, while anthropologists tend to verify their findings through participant observation [ 46 ] bernard (1994) states that most basic anthropological research is conducted over a period of about a year, but recently there have been participant observations that were conducted in a matter of weeks. Best answer: overt participant observtion has a number of potential weaknesses or limitations these range from the relatively mundane - including the amounts of time and expense involved, through possible problems with data interpretation to more serious questions about the researcher's actual levels of involvement in the group and the extent to which this may be considered a naturalistic method of research.
In field research , sociologists collect data by systematically observing people in their natural surroundings in participant observation, researchers interact with the people they are studying, and may or may not reveal their identities as researchers (as you'll see shortly. Examine the reasons why some sociologists choose not to use experiments when conducting research an experiment is an example of a research method used to collect primary data experiments are very rarely used in sociological research, and are far less common than questionnaires, interviews and participant observation. 7 when the current sociological interpretation of any topic is raising too many contradictions for the sociologist eg the contrast between the' managerialis't and the 'worker -based' studies of industrial accidents 8 as 7 - when the current sociological interpretation seems to be over influenced by the powerful discourses in any situation. To conduct a case study, a researcher examines existing sources like documents and archival records, conducts interviews, engages in direct observation and even participant observation, if possibleresearchers might use this method to study a single case of, for example, a foster child, drug lord, cancer patient, criminal, or rape victim.